However, this knowledge that the society has is creating its own toxic footprints Pinto, By donating used electronics, schools, non-profit organizations, and lower-income families can afford to use equipment that they otherwise could not E waste management practices essay.
E-wastes should never be disposed with garbage and other household wastes. Countries of European Union had already made the first steps to the solution of this problem, making manufactures to be responsible for the waste caused by their products.
A recent investigation revealed that much of the electronics turned over for recycling in the United States ends up in Asia, where they are either disposed of or recycled with little or no regard for environmental or worker health and safety.
Thousands of men, women, and children are employed in reuse, refurbishing, repair, and re-manufacturing, unsustainable industries in decline in developed countries.
Amount of electronic waste worldwide[ edit ] A fragment of discarded circuit board. Methods include gravity and vacuum filtration, ultra filtration, reverse osmosis, freeze vaporization etc.
Some computer manufacturers such as Dell and Gateway lease out their products thereby ensuring they get them back to further upgrade and lease out again. These substances may be released during recycling and material recovery, and if improperly managed, these may pose significant human and environmental health risks Lundgren, The matters are not helped further by the fact that public at large remains unaware of their own toxic footprints and as part of its life-style replaces functional electronic gadgets with the latest model with impunity.
Irreparable damage is done to the environment during these processes when compared to the short term monetary gains. They also state that repair and reuse of computers and televisions has become a "lost art" in wealthier nations and that refurbishing has traditionally been a path to development.
Most of the processes used by the informal recyclers are manual using simple tools like hammers, screw drivers etc. Use of renewable materials and energy: E-waste is a generic term encompassing various forms of electrical and electronic equipment that may be old, might have reached end-of-life and most importantly cease to be of any value to their present owners and it has been identified as one of the fastest growing waste steams.
Waste can be recovered on-site, or at an off-site recovery facility, or through inter industry exchange. A number of physical and chemical techniques are available to reclaim a waste material such as reverse osmosis, electrolysis, condensation, electrolytic recovery, filtration, centrifugation etc.
Disposal through incineration is also dangerous as the residual ash contains toxic metals. The effectiveness of e-waste management depends not only on the local government but also on the participation and awareness of the community. A strict maintenance program, which stresses corrective maintenance, can reduce waste generation caused by equipment failure.
E-waste does not create visible mountains like municipal waste, nevertheless it is a very complex, non-biodegradable and toxic waste. This will require the establishment of a strict inventory tracking system. E-waste of developed countries, such as the US, dispose their wastes to India and other Asian countries.
Landfills used for waste disposal are prone to leaking and also lead to leaching of heavy metals and other toxins into the soil which may contaminate not only the soil but also the water table. The high value of the computer recycling subset of electronic waste working and reusable laptops, desktops, and components like RAM can help pay the cost of transportation for a larger number of worthless pieces than can be achieved with display devices, which have less or negative scrap value.
Solar computers also exist but they are currently very expensive. Generators of wastes should take responsibility to determine the output characteristics of wastes and if hazardous, should provide management options.
Under this law, the agency concerned should Collect basic information on the materials from manufacturers, processors and importers and to maintain an inventory of these materials.
Protectionists may broaden the definition of "waste" electronics in order to protect domestic markets from working secondary equipment.
Up to 60 elements can be found in complex electronics. Improvements in the operation and maintenance of process equipment can result in significant waste reduction. In many cases the modification can just be relatively simple changes in the way the materials are handled within the process to ensure that they are not wasted.Oct 05, · Words: Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Political Economy of E-Waste Introduction to E-Waste While developed countries and the west, in general, continue to take pride in applying modern technology in their activities, some parts of the world seem to be losing because of the same developments in the west.
Waste management means collecting, transporting, processing, recycling and monitoring of the waste materials. The term waste management generally relates to those materials which are produced by human activity and is usually undertaken to reduce the effect of.
Electronic waste or e-waste describes discarded electrical or electronic devices. Used electronics which are destined for reuse, resale, salvage, recycling, or disposal are also considered e-waste. Used electronics which are destined for reuse, resale, salvage, recycling, or disposal are also considered e.
"E-waste" is a popular, informal name for electronic products nearing the end of their "useful life. "E-wastes are considered dangerous, as certain components of some electronic products contain materials that are hazardous, depending on their condition and density.
Waste management is the collection, transport, processing, recycling or disposal, and monitoring of waste materials. Concern over environment is being seen a massive increase in recycling globally which has grown to be an important part of modern civilization.
Study Paper On e-waste management By Ram Krishna, DDG(FA), TEC, New Delhi & EPR and few good practices in India 16 Concerns/ Challenges for e-waste management 17 There is a need for e-waste management as e-waste components may cause severe health risks and environmental damage, when crude, unscientific methods are applied for.Download