The formation of an ionic bond

The electron density is more evenly shared between the two atoms. This is because non-metals form negative ions and never positive ions.

Typically, the stable electron configuration is one of the noble gases for elements in the s-block and the p-blockand particular stable electron configurations for d-block and f-block elements. The larger the difference in electronegativity between the two types of atoms involved in the bonding, the more ionic polar it is.

The main significance of the ionic bonds are: The magnitude of the electrostatic forces in ionic crystals is considerable. It would also be impossible to describe the bond between the atoms in the diatomic elements like F2, O2 and N2 using the ionic model.

Ionic bond

In covalent bonding, the molecular geometry around each atom is determined by valence shell electron pair repulsion VSEPR rules, whereas, in ionic materials, the geometry follows maximum packing rules. Lattice energy For a solid crystalline ionic compound the enthalpy change in forming the solid from gaseous ions is termed the lattice energy.

Ionic Bond Formation

There may also be energy changes associated with breaking of existing bonds or the addition of more than one electron to form anions. Atoms that are weakly electronegative such as alkali metals have relatively few valence electrons, which can easily be shared with atoms that are strongly electronegative.

This often leads to much higher coordination numbers. In these elements and compounds, covalent bonding operates. Covalent bonds share the electrons more equally and are stronger.

There are no shared electron pairs to repel each other, the ions should simply be packed as efficiently as possible. Consider the series F2, O2 and N2. Note that this is not the ionic polarization effect that refers to displacement of ions in the lattice due to the application of an electric field.

Accordingly, these substances tend to be hard and nonvolatile. It seems pretty obvious that, if the sharing of two electrons in F2 satisfied the octet, then the sharing of two electrons will not do so in O2 or N2. So the next stage is to determine the correct ratio of ions that will produce charge neutrality.


The electron density of the atoms is held between the two atoms and attracted to the positive forces of both sets of protons in the two nuclei. Representation of ionic bonding between lithium and fluorine to form lithium fluoride. An atom of another element usually nonmetal with greater electron affinity accepts the electron s to attain a stable electron configuration, and after accepting electron s an atom becomes an anion.

The atoms have 7, 6 and 5 electrons in the valence shell respectively. The electrostatic potential can be expressed in terms of the interionic separation and a constant Madelung constant that takes account of the geometry of the crystal.An ionic (or electrovalent) bond is formed between two ions of opposite charges.

During the formation of an ionic bond, one of the reacting elements should form a positively charged ion (cation), and the other should give a negatively charged ion (anion).

An ionic bond forms through electrical force between oppositely charged ions while covalent bonds form when atoms share a pair of electrons. Formation A covalent bond is formed between two non-metals that have similar electronegativities.

Neither atom is "strong" enough to attract electrons from the other. For stabilization, they share their electrons from outer molecular orbit with others.

An ionic bond is formed between a metal and a. CHEMICAL BONDING AND COMPOUND FORMATION. Electron transfer involves creation of ions, which bond via ionic bonds to form ionic compounds.

A Familiar compound like table salt, sodium chloride, is a classic example of an ionic compound.

Ionic bonding

An ionic compound is a compound held together by ionic bonds. Examples of ionic compounds include pyrite, FeS2. Examples of ionic compounds include pyrite, FeS2. Remember that an ionic bond is formed through the transfer of electrons.

How is an ionic bond formed ?

Ionic bond, also called electrovalent bond, type of linkage formed from the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions in a chemical compound. Such a bond forms when the valence (outermost) electrons of one atom are transferred permanently to another atom.

How Does an Ionic Bond Form? Download
The formation of an ionic bond
Rated 5/5 based on 34 review