The frontier was closely related to the myth that sustained the American faith, the ideals and images that represent the American Dream as well as America as an exceptional nation. Yale University Press, There does not seem to be any suggestion of conflict or conquest in its acquisition.
Wildlife conservationists feared that both land and sea animals would be destroyed if settlement followed. University of North Carolina, How to Write a Summary of an Article?
He looked upon the frontier as a crucible where people with different backgrounds came together and formed a distinct American character: It is not strange that people were encouraged to go West for example during the depression ofwhere they were promised more opportunities.
The frontier clearly contributed, but other factors are important as well, like slavery, immigration, agriculture, violence, industrialization, urbanization as well as women and ethnic minorities. Micheaux promoted the West as a place where blacks could transcend race and earn economic success through hard work and perseverance.
Bogue, Frederick Jackson Turner: The way these frontiers have been acquired has differed. Cooperation and communities of various sorts, not isolated individuals, made possible the absorption of the West into the United States.
They adapted to the new physical, economic and political environment in certain ways—the cumulative effect of these adaptations was Americanization. What role does Turner argue the frontier has played in American history? According to the frontier thesis, all the resources on the frontier as well as its lack of an established socio-political structure provided opportunities for the settlers.
Jackson influenced legislation in the s that made it difficult for whites to acquire land.
If we can reach and cross this frontier, our generations will have furnished a significant milestone in human history. Newcomers came to the U. Strange Roads Going Down Norman: For many women, Asians, Mexicans who suddenly found themselves residents of the United States, and, of course, Indians, the West was no promised land.
This view dominated religious historiography for decades. Micheaux promoted the West as a place where blacks could transcend race and earn economic success through hard work and perseverance.
The new western historians downplayed the frontier of hope and emphasized a frontier of conflict and conquest-though it was debatable as to exactly who had been conquered and who had done the conquering.
Euro-Americans turned the wilderness into civilization, and in doing so they themselves were transformed.
Doing so necessarily involved going to war with the English as well, and the course of these wars helped shape the development of all the European colonies, both French and English.
Richard Hofstadter, The Progressive Historians: It reinforced the American sense of uniqueness and accomplishment, and strengthen the American nationalism Milner, This is the great, the nation-wide frontier of insecurity, of human want and fear.
What activities, identities, geographic locations, etc. Instead, he emphasized the importance of the frontier as the promotion of distinctive American characteristics. The frontier has become an important part of American consciousness. This Permanent Indian Frontier was thus a frontier of banishment--not a place to banish undesirable whites, but undesirable or unassimilable natives.
Whether because of the "worthless" image or simply because Alaska was cold and distant, large numbers of people did not migrate to Alaska until World War II.
Jefferson also hoped that trade relations could be established with the Indians, many of whom still continued to trade directly with the British in Canada. Invasions of North America New York: The emphasized the values of individualism, empiricism, simplicity, equality, courage, discovery, independence, and naturalism in the service of democratic access, human rights, ecological balance, and the resolution of social, economic, and political issues.
Every generation moved further west and became more American, more democratic, and as intolerant of hierarchy as they were removed from it. To some extent, Turner is right when he talks about the opportunities on the frontier.
Wade challenged the Frontier Thesis in his first asset, The Urban Frontierasserting that western cities such as PittsburghLouisvilleand Cincinnatinot the farmer pioneers, were the catalysts for western expansion.
To say that the frontier shaped American democratic institutions is vague and hard to prove. University of Washington Press, They also gained numerous allies in the Ohio Valley and the Great Lakes region, who were sufficiently powerful to push English settlement back over the Appalachians and thereby reverse the "continuous recession" of the frontier.
Turner claimed you could only understand America by understanding the frontier.The Genesis of the Frontier Thesis: A Study in Historical Creativity. San Marino, Calif.: Huntington Library, Faragher, John Mack, ed. Rereading Frederick Jackson Turner: "The Significance of the Frontier in American History" and.
In he wrote a thesis entitled "the Significance of the Frontier in American History," His claims included that the experience of expansion into the frontier had stimulated individualism, nationalism and democracy, and kept the opportunity of advancement alive.
With these words, Frederick Jackson Turner laid the foundation for modern historical study of the American West and presented a "frontier thesis" that continues to influence historical thinking. The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis, is the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in that the origin of the distinctive egalitarian, democratic, aggressive, and innovative features of the American character has been the American frontier experience.
He stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the. The purpose of this paper is to look at the essence of Turner’s argument in his essay, as well as discuss his strongest and weakest arguments.
The paper will end with a look at the West as a myth. The frontier thesis is the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in that expresses how the idea of the frontier, as the. The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis, is the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in that American democracy was formed by the American frontier.
He stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process.Download